Please prepare a response to each of the attached documents for total of 2 responses. The responses need to be at least 150 words each. The responses should be as if you are talking directly to the person.
Due in 48 hrs.
What defines critical infrastructure and key resources?
Critical infrastructure and key resources (CKIR) are a combination of natural and artificial assets and systems important to a nation’s functioning and survival. Critical infrastructure is defined as physical or virtual assets, systems, and networks that are vital to the point where any destruction or disruption will cripple the economy, security, public health and safety (DHS,2009). These assets include, transportation, cyber, energy, telecommunications, food and agriculture, water and chemical plants. In addition, key resources include the core services that are publicly or privately owned that aid the operation of the economy and government.
Specific to the threat of terrorism related to these critical assets, can you describe the possible motivations for those carrying out terrorist activities?
Terrorist intentions as discussed in week 7 readings are directed towards “intimidation of civilians, influencing government policies or conduct by force, mass destructions, assassination, or kidnapping (SCMT101 Week 7).” In addition, terrorists are aware that critical infrastructures are high value targets and disruption or damage on them will cause public fear and intimidation (Ackerman et al., 2007). Al Qaeda have attempted to disrupt US public and private utilities in the past with structural analysis programs for dams found on a computer. The transportation system over the world has been frequently attacked by terrorist groups. Thus the 9/11 attacks and Brussels airport in 2016. Other attacks have seen Al Qaeda attack oil companies in the middle east while key water infrastructure such as pipes, sanitation plants, and bridges have been destroyed by ISIL in Iraq and Syria. Attacks can also be committed by releasing chemical, biological, or nuclear weapons in a form of pathogens into food supply chains or water pipes with the intention to cause mass destruction to a society (CTED, 2018).
Ackerman, G, Abhayaratne, P, Bale, J, Bhattacharjee, A, Blair, C, Hansell, L, Jayne, A, Kosal, M, Lucas, S, Moran, K, Seroki, L, & Vadlamudi, S. Assessing Terrorist Motivations for Attacking Critical Infrastructure. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/902328
CTED & UNOCT, 2018. The protection of critical infrastructures against against terrorist attacks. https://www.un.org/securitycouncil/ctc/sites/www.un.org.securitycouncil.ctc/files/files/documents/2021/Jan/compendium_of_good_practices_eng.pdf
DHS, 2009. CIKR. https://www.dhs.gov/blog/2009/11/19/cikr#:~:text=CIKR%20stands%20for%20%E2%80%9CCritical%20Infrastructure,vitality%2C%20and%20way%20of%20life.
What defines critical infrastructure and key resources?
“Critical Infrastructures are the assets, systems, and networks, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that their incapacitation or destruction would have a debilitating effect on security, national economic security, public health or safety, or any combination thereof.” (Fay,2010) . Some examples of what are considered to be critical infrastructure are major highways, railways, and connecting bridges and tunnels such as the three tunnel and bridge combinations in the Hampton roads area that would not only greatly impact every day life here but also military operations. “Key resources are publicly or privately controlled resources essential to the minimal operations of the economy and government.” (Fay,2010). This would consist of things such as water treatment facilities, electrical grids, businesses such as national fuel. Key resources are things that people in the country use every single day and without having them lives and the flow of the country would be greatly impacted. When I was reading an article it actually referred to them as CIKR (critical infrastructure and key resources)and went on to define them as a single entity rather than separately it also went on to say that “The vast majority of our national CIKR is privately owned and operated, which means ensuring its protection and resiliency involves an unprecedented partnership between government and the private sector.” (DHS,2009)
Identify possible motivations for those carrying out terrorist activities.
In the paper Psychology of Terrorism it defines terrorism as “acts of violence intentionally perpetrated on civilian non-combatants with the goal of furthering some ideological, religious or political objective.” (Borum,2004). Terrorist’s always choose targets that will cause the most disruption for their target country or individuals. I believe that a terrorists main objective is to try and “persuade” others to join their preferred religion and have the same beliefs as them. Terrorists also have the motivation of finding support from around the world so that they have sympathizers in other countries in order to obtain more information of have them carry out acts of terror on behalf of the organization. They use tactics such as physical violence, threats of violence, and instilling fear into people/governments in order to change their policies and beliefs to align with their own.
Critical Infrastructure. (2021, March 12). Department of Homeland Security. https://www.dhs.gov/science-and-technology/critical-infrastructure#:%7E:text=Critical%20infrastructure%20includes%20the%20vast,rely%20on%20these%20vital%20systems.
CIKR. (2018, September 28). Department of Homeland Security. https://www.dhs.gov/blog/2009/11/19/cikr
Borum, R. (2004). Psychology of terrorism. Tampa: University of South Florida.
Fay, J. (2010). Contemporary security management. Elsevier Science & Technology.