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Draft a paper that answers the research question based on findings.

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You are a first-year graduate student. You are taking a graduate course on research and writing. In this assignment, your professor has asked you to write the abstract of a research paper you are interested in writing.


Your abstract should have sections summarizing the following:

· Your purpose and research question

· Your research methods

· Your methods for data collection and analysis

· Expected findings

· Potential usefulness of your study


For assistance on an abstract, please visit the 
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 or the 
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Research Question of Hypertension

Name: Linda Holmes

Rasmussen University

Date: October 11, 2021

Research Question of Hypertension

Health Literacy for Hypertension in Pregnancy among Women Attending Antenatal Services

Reasons for Choosing the Research Question

The topic of hypertension in pregnancy is essential for solving health problems and as an academic requirement. The research question is the eye-opener to the solutions of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, particularly the desirable outcome of the mother and the baby. The research question integrates pregnancy with the hypertension concepts: the signs and symptoms, medications, and demographic factors (Abalos et al., 2018). I chose the research question of hypertension knowledge in pregnancy because it is a silent killer disease. I have read many journals that emphasize the importance of preventing the development of hypertension in pregnancy and found them fascinating. As part of the medical family across the world, there is a need for quality outcomes in pregnancy.

Type of Research which is Suitable

In answering the research question, selecting the research type is essential for the adorable and acceptable results. There is a need to be clear, precise, and concise. The research process in exploring the research question will be suitable to apply the quantitative research approach. The quantitative approach is essential in the collection, quantification, and analysis of the data. The quantitative research approach entails determining the amount of data to generate results after obtaining a given sample from the population of interest. The research data collection entails the use of records like numbers and digits, which are qualitative.

Literature Review

The literature review focuses on hypertension awareness and the related concepts. The essential and related information is the signs and symptoms of hypertension in pregnancy, awareness, medication compliance, and the associated maternal factors. A discussion at the end will integrate the concepts to bring out meaning. Blood pressure exceeding 140/90mmHg is defined as hypertension in pregnancy, and these elevations are utilized to diagnose hypertension disorders during pregnancy. High blood pressure (without proteinuria), preeclampsia (with proteinuria), and eclampsia or preeclampsia with seizures are the three types of gestation hypertension that emerge after twenty weeks of pregnancy in a mother who previously had normal blood pressure (Behrens et al., 2017). The severity of the clinical symptoms varies.

Severe hypertension raises the mother’s chance of a heart attack, sudden cardiac death, cardiovascular accident, and kidney failure, as well as the fetus’s risk of preterm birth and insufficient oxygen exchange across the membrane (George et al., 2016). Because wellbeing behavior is related to lower occurrence of hypertension in pregnancy, maternal characteristics such as level of education influence the development of hypertensive diseases in pregnancy, those with primary education were more cognisant of hypertension than those without primary education in most parts of the world, according to reports (Hoeltzenbein et al., 2018). The importance of preventative in any situation cannot be underestimated.

Discussion and Integration of various Literature

Information on the signs and symptoms of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy should be provided to pregnant women attending antenatal clinics using leaflets and health talks to enable them to seek medical help early to prevent complications (Webster et al., 2019). Hypertension medications compliance during pregnancy is essential to avoid maternal and fetal complications and promote good fetal and maternal outcomes (Hughson et al., 2018). However, most pregnant women do not adhere to hypertension medications due to fear of side effects and difficulty adjusting to the new lifestyle changes, including diet modification and exercises. (Ishikawa et al., 2018)

Non-adherence has also been associated with poor understanding of the condition, seeing the condition improving, or the health deterioration (Ouasmani et al., 2018). Adequate counseling on the use of hypertension medications during pregnancy promotes adherence to drugs. Level of education, income, and age are associated with the development of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, while religion is not significantly related to hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (Stuart et al., 2018). The education and the awareness of signs and symptoms help reduce the chances of developing hypertension in pregnancy.


Abalos, E., Duley, L., Steyn, D. W., & Gialdini, C. (2018). Antihypertensive drug therapy for mild to moderate hypertension during pregnancy. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (10).

Behrens, I., Basit, S., Melbye, M., Lykke, J. A., Wohlfahrt, J., Bundgaard, H., … & Boyd, H. A. (2017). Risk of post-pregnancy hypertension in women with a history of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: nationwide cohort study. bmj358, j3078.

George, M., George, N., & Ramesh, N. (2016). Pregnancy-induced hypertension among antenatal women attending outpatient departments in a rural hospital. Hindu142, 94-7.

Hoeltzenbein, M., Fietz, A. K., Kayser, A., Zinke, S., Meister, R., Weber-Schoendorfer, C., & Schaefer, C. (2018). Pregnancy outcome after first-trimester exposure to bisoprolol: an observational cohort study. Journal of hypertension36(10), 2109-2117.

Hughson, J. A., Marshall, F., Daly, J. O., Woodward-Kron, R., Hajek, J., & Story, D. (2018). Health professionals’ views on health literacy issues for culturally and linguistically diverse women in maternity care: barriers, enablers and the need for an integrated approach. Australian Health Review42(1), 10-20

Ishikawa, T., Obara, T., Nishigori, H., Miyakoda, K., Ishikuro, M., Metoki, H., … & Kuriyama, S. (2018). Antihypertensives prescribed for pregnant women in Japan: Prevalence and timing determined from a database of health insurance claims. Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety27(12), 1325-1334.

Nzelu, D., Dumitrascu-Biris, D., Kay, P., Nicolaides, K. H., & Kametas, N. A. (2018). Severe hypertension, preeclampsia and small for gestational age in women with chronic hypertension diagnosed before and during pregnancy. Pregnancy hypertension14, 200-204.

Ouasmani, F., Engeltjes, B., Rahou, B. H., Belayachi, O., & Verhoeven, C. (2018). Knowledge of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy of Moroccan women in Morocco and in the Netherlands: a qualitative interview study. BMC pregnancy and childbirth18(1), 344.

Stuart, J. J., Tanz, L. J., Missmer, S. A., Rimm, E. B., Spiegelman, D., James-Todd, T. M., & Rich-Edwards, J. W. (2018). Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and maternal cardiovascular disease risk factor development: an observational cohort study. Annals of internal medicine169(4), 224-232.

Webster, L. M., Reed, K., Myers, J. E., Burns, A., Gupta, P., Patel, P., … & Chappell, L. C. (2019). Quantifying adherence to antihypertensive medication for chronic hypertension during pregnancy. PreStuart, J. J., Tanz, L. J., Missmer, S. A., Rimm, E. B., Spiegelman, D., James-Todd, T. M., & Rich-Edwards, J. W. (2018). Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and maternal cardiovascular disease risk factor development: an observational cohort study. Annals of internal medicine169(4), 224-232.gnancy Hypertension17, 12-14.


Research Article

Linda Holmes

Rasmussen University

November 19, 2021

The main objective of this research is to find out the health awareness of Hypertension among pregnant women. Hypertension is a common condition among pregnant women, it happens when the blood pressure of the patient goes up, (Singh, et al, 2014) it has severe impacts on the health of the patient since it can lead to stroke, heart and kidney complications. Due to this, the research will help in identifying and coming up with the appropriate measures to solve these problems.

Readers will have varied interests on this research, to begin with, is to knowing whether people are aware of this disease, knowledge about the disease can go a long way in helping the women to seek medical assistance once they notice any symptoms of hypertension, (Pimenta, 2012). Also, the reader will be interested in finding out the major impacts that can happen to the pregnant women in case they sufferers the disease, The risks that one will be exposed to for not attending the antenatal service especially for the people who still uses the traditional methods of giving birth. And the measures that has been put in place to ensure that the women suffering from this condition are treated and the condition doesn’t pose a threat on the life of the pregnant woman as well as that of the unborn child.

The research question is aimed at examine whether the people are aware of hypertension among the pregnant women, its signs and symptoms, its effect on the health of the patient and the unborn child, how it can be cured. This will benefit the women since, the awareness will help in ensuring that the women do not risk their lives, by not seeking medicals services once the signs start to show. For the case where the people are not aware of hypertension, they may tend to ignore the signs which could pose great danger to the life of the pregnant women and their unborn babies. Knowing the hypertension is a dangerous disease will discourage many women from practicing the traditional child birth practices a step that will reduce the molarity rate during giving birth.

Gaps in a study are questions or problems that has not been answered by the study, they include the fact that most of the studies only targets the pregnant women, as a result of this, we won’t be able to know whether other people including men and women who are yet to get pregnant have adequate knowledge about hypertension during pregnancy since it will help in building the support system for the hypertensive disorders patients. This is because proper knowledge about these diseases among the men will help in ensuring they participate in helping the pregnant women access the health services in case of the disease attacking them, also it will help the young women in knowing the things one can do I order to prevent the disease even before forgetting pregnant.

The study will help in evaluating whether the general population has adequate information about hypertension among the pregnant women, since this will help in enhancing the understanding about hypertension, And the health measures that can be considered in order to minimize the chances of the diseases occurring, where, the people with experience will be able to share about the practices they undertook to lower the risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy, (Middendorp, et al, 2013) some of this measures are, limiting excess salt intake, and getting regular physical exercise.

The level of awareness among the pregnant women about hypertension. To evaluate whether there is adequate and helpful information which will help in lowering the risks of the disease occurring and the measure that can be put in place to solve the problem.

The sign and symptoms that are displayed by patients suffering from hypertension during pregnancy, since this will help in putting emphasize on the importance of seeking medical service in order to prevent harmful effects of hypertension during pregnancy which may include death. On the other hand, it will help in knowing the effects the disease has to the child. The preventing measures that can be implemented or practiced by the pregnant women so as to ensure that they are safe by reducing the chances of getting the disease.

The findings will benefit women during pregnancy, since they will know when they should get to the health professional incase, they notice the signs of hypertension, Also, they will be able to differentiate common illnesses which does not pose great health risks from hypertension which is a very dangerous disease.

The people surrounding the victims and the vulnerable targets of hypertension will acquire enough information about the disease, this will encourage them observe that the pregnant women observe the preventive measures, in order to keep them safe. In addition to that, they will help in providing the necessary support to the patients.

The purpose of this study is to contribute into the proper understanding of hypertension among the pregnant women. Since inadequate information of the same could possibly keep women’s life in danger as well as that of their babies. In order to ensure that this is achieved, massive education about hypertension during pregnancy should be provided to the people.


Middendorp, D., Asbroek, A.t., Bio, F.Y. et al. (2013) Rural and urban differences in blood pressure and pregnancy-induced hypertension among pregnant women in Ghana. Global Health 9, 59.

Pimenta, E. (2012) Hypertension in women. Hypertens Res 35, 148–152.

Singh, S., Ahmed, E. B., Egondu, S. C., & Ikechukwu, N. E. (2014). Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy among pregnant women in a Nigerian Teaching Hospital. Nigerian medical journal: journal of the Nigeria Medical Association, 5, 384–388.

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