Chat with us, powered by LiveChat Each study guide has questions up to 37 some are 25 also Chapter 16 Study Guide Note: Know the st | Max paper

Each study guide has questions up to 37 some are 25 also 

Chapter 16 Study Guide

Note: Know the style of the art/architecture presented. You don’t have to memorize the names of the paintings/sculptures. For the music links provided, listen to them, you will hear music in the exam, but you will not see any information.

1) What does the term Enlightenment refers to?

2) What did the 18th century political and philosophical ideals included?

3) Who were the philosophes?

4) What is rational humanism and what did rational humanists believe?

5) The logic that humans must be free to think for themselves links the rational humanists with which United States and French political documents?

6) What are some broad concepts that rationalism generated?

7) What was a major cause that precipitated the American Revolution?

8) When was the Declaration of Independence adopted by the Continental Congress?

9) Who was the first president of the United states?

10) In what year was the 19th amendment- granting women the right to vote- added to the US constitution?

11) How was the French situation different from the American one in the quest for a constitution that would give them life, liberty, and the right to own property ?

12) In order to suppress its enemies, what did the Committee of Public Safety did during the so called Reign of Terror?

13) What is the name of the leader who restored the monarchy in France?

14) What was the Napoleonic Code?

15) Which revolution marked a shift from monarchy and absolutism to republicanism and democracy?

16) Overall, what did the enlightenment ideals embodied in both the French and American revolutions did for other nations?

17) What does the Industrial Revolution refers to?

18) What are the new sciences that were defined during the scientific revolution?

19) What are some characteristics of the Rococo style found in this painting? (see note under image 16.1 in your book) Who is the artist that created it?

20) What are some rococo style characteristics present in the interior design of this Salon?

21) What is a mock epic?

22) What is Neoclassicism ?

23) Who painted this Neoclassical composition-Oath of the Horatii- which came to be associated with the French revolution?

24) What are the characteristics present in Copley’s Watson and the Shark that anticipate the painting of the next century?

25) Who created this neoclassical sculpture of George Washington?

26) Know the name of the architect, location and architectural style of Monticello

27) What genre of literature rose to significance during the 18th century in Europe?

28) What is a Symphony?

29) What are some of the characteristics of the music during the classical period that composer Hayden helped stablish?

30) Know the name of the composer, genre of music, and musical style of the “surprise Symphony” (the example below is the second of four movements in total):

31) Who is the greatest of the classical composers?

32) Know the name of the composer, genre of music, and musical style of the Symphony no. 40 in g minor (the example below is the first of four movements in total):

33) what is the name of the composer considered a bridge between the classical and the romantic styles of music?

34) What is one of the most significant experiences of Beethoven’s life which nearly made him commit suicide?

35) Briefly describe the three periods of Beethoven’s music:

36) Know the name of the composer, genre of music, and musical style of the Symphony no. 5 in C minor (the example below is the first of four movements in total):

Note: For the name of individuals, you may last names only.

Aside from knowing the answer to the questions with photos of artworks, also know their style (Romanticism or Realism)

1) What is Romanticism?

2) The romantic artists we’re fascinated by:

3) What is the subject this powerful work by Francisco Goya?

4) Who painted The Thenty-Eight of Lujy: Liberty leading the People?

5) Who painted The Slave Ship, and what is the contemporary event it reports?

6) Where (city, country) is the triumphal arch that has the following sculpture? What is the style?

7) What did Romantic architecture do regarding previous styles?

8) What is the architectural style revived in the Houses of Parliament? Where is it located? (city, country)

9) What was a consequence of Paxton’s model for the Crystal Palace?

10) Which philosopher marked a radical shift from a philosophy that emphasizes authority and power to one that celebrates freedom and individualism?

11) What lead to the increased criticism of the slave trade?

12) Who were the abolitionists? What did they believe and fought for?

13) Which was the bloodiest war ever fought on American soil? And what was the reason for its eruption?

14) Which president abolished slavery in the United States?

15) What was the theme of much 19th century literature?

16) The poetry of this poet (name the author) focuses on innocence and experience, which are said to be contradictory states of the soul

17) Who is the most influential writer of the Romantic era, who witnessed the shift in consciousness from the Enlightenment emphasis on reason, objectivity, and scientific fact to the romantic concern for emotion, subjectivity, unimaginative truths?

18) Which play (know the name of its writer too) has been described as a defining work of European Romanticism?

19) Name two American poets from the 19th century with different writing style who stand out above others?

20) How was Romantic music not a break with the classical ideas of music masters?

21) What is absolute music and what is program music?

22) Who composed Symphonie Fantastique? Listen to the 1st movement at least (link below), also know it is an example of Romantic style.

(1) Symphonie Fantastique –

23) Who composed the Polonaise in A flat major? Know this is a Romantic era/style composition

Polonaise op 53 A flat major

24) Who composed the opera Rigoletto? Listen to the famous aria (La donna e’ mobile) from this opera (link below), you may be asked this question without the title of the Opera showing.

(1) Luciano Pavarotti – La donna e mobile – Live 1981 – YouTube

25) What are leitmotifs which composer initially used them?

26) Who composed the famous bridal chorus?

27) Who composed the Nutcracker and what is the genre (ex. ballet, opera, other) of this type of composition? (one of the movements shared below)

28) Define Realism

29) Who painted The Luncheon on the Grass? How was the public’s reaction to it?

Note: know that he was an artist who bridged the gap between Realism and Impressionism.

30) Who composed the Love’s Young Dream?

31) Where was photography invented? And in what century?

32) Who took this classic photograph titled Winter, Fifth Avenue?

33) In which year was the statue of liberty dedicated? Where is it located? Who gifted this sculpture to the United States in commemoration of what?

34) What was the aim of realist writers?

35) Who was famous for his theory of evolution?

Chapter 18 Study Guide

Note: Always know the art style of the compositions (Impressionism, Post-impressionism)

1) Define the term Impressionism

2) Who painted Impression, Sunrise? and which term derived from this painting?

3) Which artists tried to repeat a momentary impression of nature’s transitory light, atmosphere, and weather conditions?

4) Instead of looking objectively at the ordinary life of the working class as the realist painters, what did impressionists focused on?

5) Who painted Dance at the Moulin de la Galette?

6) Impressionist artist, different from the rest, known for depictions of ballet dancers as the painting below:

7) Who were the symbolists?

8) Who composed Clair de Lune? What is the musical style of the composition?

Clair de lune – (click on link and listen to the music, the exam will have played music and titles won’t be available)

9) Who composed La boheme (an aria from the work below) ? What is the genre of this composition? (ex. ballet, opera, other).

(1) La Boheme – “Che gelida manina” Fiamma Izzo d’ Amico “Si, mi chiamano Mimi” – YouTube

10) Who proposed the “Theory of Relativity” in 1905, with the mathematical equations central to his theory confirmed in 1919?

11) What is psychoanalysis?

12) What was the intent of post-impressionist in relation to impressionism?

13) Who is known as the “Father of Abstract Art” and washed his brush between strokes so that each color would be distinct, referring to his brushstrokes as “little planes?

14) What is Pointillism? (make sure to add who developed it)

15) Who painted A Sunday Afternoon on La Grande Jatte? What is the name of the new technique present here?

16) Who painted the Starry Night?

17) Who sculpted The Thinker?

18) List some ways in which the Eiffel Tower impacted architecture?

19) The name of a short-lived style that began in Europe characterized by decoration, specially curvilinear patterns, based on the forms of nature?

20) What is the Architectural style of Gaudi’s Casa Mila Apartment Building? Where is it located?

Chapter 15: Baroque

Note: Know that the art/architecture presented here is baroque in style. You don’t have to memorize the names of the paintings/sculptures. For the music links provided, listen to them, you will hear music in the exam, but you will not see any information.

1) Name some characteristics of the Baroque style

2) What is the Counter-Reformation?

3) During the counter-reformation, church sponsored art in Rome thrived. What are some goals (3) of religious art sponsored by the church during this time?

4) What are some consequences/effects of the Thirty Years War ? include also the results of the Peace of Westphalia (which concluded the war)

5) What is the name and location of this building?

Note: The reconstruction of this building started in the renaissance era and continued during the baroque, so since there are renaissance and baroque style characteristics present here, do not label this building as one or the other.

6) Who created the Ecstasy of St. Theresa?

7) Who painted the Calling of St. Matthew? Know that there is a technique used here called tenebrism. Define the technique below.

8) What is the genre (type of painting: portrait, landscape, still life, other?) of the following painting? Who is the artist?

9) Who created this ceiling fresco? Know this is an example of quadratura; what are the characteristics of that illusionistic technique?

10) What is an opera?

11) Know who is the composer of Orfeo (the first notable work in the genre), and know the musical genre is “opera” (Note: this example is a recitative, but these works are much longer)

Tu Sei Morta (spanish subtitles)

Tu Sei Morta (English subtitles)- more modern setting

Note: In an exam, you would not see the video. You will just hear the audio. However, I wanted you to be able to understand what they are singing. The one with the Spanish subtitles is a more traditional performance; that’s why I decided to add it as well.

12) What is a concerto grosso?

13) Who is the composer of the Four Seasons? Know the genre of music is concerto and the style of music baroque.

Spring from the Four Seasons (1st of 3 movements) (listen)

14) Who was Amsterdam’s most important painter who took Caravaggio’s baroque lighting to new heights?

15) Who painted The Night Watch?

16) Who composed the Young Woman with a Water Pitcher? What was the artist’s specialty?

17) Who composed Marie de’Medici, Queen of France, Landing in Marseilles? Also what are 2 general characteristics of the Baroque style present here?

18) What is the genre of this painting, titled John Wilkins DD, and who was the painter?

19) Who painted the Maids of Honor or Las Meninas?

20) Which painter represents the classicizing and restrained tendency within the usually dramatic Baroque?

21) Who painted the Rape of the Sabine Women ?

22) What is the name and location of this building which was once a royal palace and today a famous museum?

23) What is the name and location of this cathedral?

24) What is an oratorio?

25) Who is the composer, and what is the musical genre (Opera? Oratorio?) of the Hallelujah chorus from the Messiah? (click link to listen)

26) Who was the grand master of the baroque style and musical art forms of his age?

27) Who composed Cello Suite No. 1 in G Major?

(8) Yo-Yo Ma – Bach: Cello Suite No. 1 in G Major, Prélude (Official Video) – YouTube

28) Who was the lens maker who transformed the magnifying glasses and became the first person to see protozoa and bacteria and the first to describe blood cells?

29)Who was the first person to develop the telescope and used it to observe the heavens?

30) Which scientist’s astronomical findings confirmed Copernicus’s theory that the earth circled the sun?

31) Who is called the Father of Modern Philosophy?

32) Name two philosophical thinkers with diverse but influential philosophies about government

33) What did the baroque writers explored with their work?

34) What is an innovation in 17th-century drama? (related to female actresses)

35) Who was the first major poet in American Literature?

36) Define picaresque

37) Who wrote the famous picaresque novel, also considered to be the first modern western novel, Don Quixote?

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